Sydney and Surrounds
Composed of the city centre, suburbs, and its immediate locales, Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales. Immediately facing Port Jackson to the north, the seaside metropolis is situated close to the state's eastern coastline. With an estimated population of well over 4.5 million residents-fondly referred to as "Sydneysiders"-it is the most populous city in Australia.
Sydney, which was the first British colony in Australia, was founded in January 1788 by Arthur Philip, an Admiral of the British Royal Navy and the first Governor of New South Wales. Situated at Sydney Cove, the city was built on hills surrounding Port Jackson (more commonly known as Sydney Harbour). While the area's original intended name was Albion, Philip decided to name it in honour of Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, for his role in issuing the charter authorizing Phillip to establish a colony.
Sydney and its surrounds occupy a land area of 12,144.6 square kilometres. This encompasses 38 Local Government Areas (including the City of Sydney), 49 State Districts (including the Electoral District of Sydney), and 24 Federal Divisions. In 2010, Mercer Human Resource Consulting and The Economist (a British weekly newsmagazine) listed the metropolis among the world's 10 most liveable cities. The region is part of Cumberland County.
Thanks to their wide variety of attractions, there is always something for locals and visitors to appreciate about Sydney and its surrounds:
Sydney's culture and history are better experienced with a tour of some of the most iconic locations in the area, like the Art Gallery of NSW, Australian Museum, Australian National Maritime Museum, Customs House, Darling Harbour, Garrison Historical and Military Museum, Parliament House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, Sydney Mint Museum, and Sydney Opera House. Alternatively, one might prefer a visit to some of the most popular commercial centres in the metropolis, such as Broadway Shopping Centre, Double Bay, Glasshouse Shopping Centre, Market City Shopping Centre, and Queen Victoria Building.
Sydney also has much in store for people wishing to get close and personal with the region's nature and wildlife. Such enthusiasts will enjoy as visit some of the city's most relevant sites, like Oceanworld, Royal Botanical Gardens, Sydney Aquarium, Sydney Wildlife World, and Taronga Park Zoo.
Those who prefer instead a more leisurely experience of Sydney will enjoy a visit to some of the facilities the metropolis has provided for this very purpose. Some of the more notable locations include Chinese Garden of Friendship, Fastrack Racing Sydney, Hyde Park, Indykarts, Luna Park Sydney, Observatory Hill, SkyView Wheel, Sydney Skywalk, The Domain, and The IMAX Theatre.